Ulan Bator started as a nomadic center of a Buddhist group and this religious culture can still be seen nowadays through the many monasteries and temples dotting the city. Complementing these old structures are the modern and sophisticated buildings that make up the urban lifestyle of the city.
As the capital of Mongolia, Ulan Bator is the financial, administrative, cultural, and economic hub of the city. Aside from Buddhist monasteries, there’s many interesting sights and things to do in Ulan Bator and several museums, parks, and holiday destinations can be found in the city.
The Opera House is very hard to miss because it is located at the city center. It is where most musical performances, recitals, and concerts are held.
If you like shopping, several shopping districts to visit are Peace Avenue, the Circus, Naran Tuul or Black Market, and the 3rd Microdistrict Boulevard. You can buy a wide selection of items ranging from souvenirs and trinkets to garments and paintings.
There are also different pubs and night clubs comprising the wild nightlife scene of Ulan Bator. Most are closed after midnight but there are some clubs that are open until the wee hours of the morning.
The city of Ulan Bator has a cold semi-arid climate and is actually considered the coldest capital city in the world.
The short summer season has mean temperatures of around 20°C (68°F) while the long winter season often has sub-zero temperatures. The coldest months of January and February experience temperatures ranging from -15°C to -30°C (-5°F to -22°F).
If you visit the city in July, you can watch the Naadam Festival, the most popular and most visited festival in Ulan Bator and the entire Mongolia. The three main features of this festival are wrestling, archery, and horse racing.
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